Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
EPHEDRINE SULFATE INJECTION USP 50mg/ML is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 1999-03-08. It is marketed by HOSPIRA SINGAPORE PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN11061P.
This product contains Ephedrine 50mg/ml in the form of INJECTION. It is approved for INTRAVENOUS, SUBCUTANEOUS, INTRAMUSCULAR use.
This product is manufactured by HOSPIRA INC HOSPIRA Inc in UNITED STATES.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
An alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used in the treatment of several disorders including asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.
Ephedrine commonly used as a stimulant, appetite suppressant, concentration aid, decongestant, and to treat hypotension associated with anaesthesia.
Mechanism of Action
Ephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine - that is, its principal mechanism of action relies on its direct and indirect actions on the adrenergic receptor system, which is part of the sympathetic nervous system. Ephedrine increases post-synaptic noradrenergic receptor activity by (weakly) directly activating post-synaptic α-receptors and β-receptors, but the bulk of its effect comes from the pre-synaptic neuron being unable to distinguish between real adrenaline or noradrenaline from ephedrine. The ephedrine, mixed with noradrenaline, is transported through the noradrenaline reuptake complex and packaged (along with real noradrenaline) into vesicles that reside at the terminal button of a nerve cell. Ephedrine's action as an agonist at most major noradrenaline receptors and its ability to increase the release of both dopamine and to a lesser extent, serotonin by the same mechanism is presumed to have a major role in its mechanism of action.
Cardiovascular: tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, vasoconstriction with hypertension
(-)-Ephedrine | (1R,2S)-1-Phenyl-1-hydroxy-2-methylaminopropane | L-Ephedrine | L-erythro-2-(Methylamino)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol | L(−)-ephedrine | Ephedrine |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.