Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
INCRUSE ELLIPTA INHALATION POWDER 62.5mcg/DOSE is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 2015-09-21. It is marketed by GLAXOSMITHKLINE PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN14853P.
This product contains Umeclidinium 62.5mcg/dose in the form of POWDER, METERED. It is approved for RESPIRATORY (INHALATION) use.
This product is manufactured by Glaxo Operations UK Ltd (trading as Glaxo Wellcome Operations) in UNITED KINGDOM.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
Umeclidinium is a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) used as maintenance treatment for symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is available as a once-daily inhalation monotherapy or as a fixed-dose combination product with the long-acting beta2-agonist vilanterol. COPD is a progressive obstructive lung disease characterized by shortness of breath, cough, sputum production, and chronically poor airflow with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) of less than 80%. By blocking the M3 muscarinic receptor which is highly expressed in airway smooth muscle of the lungs, umeclidinium inhibits the binding of acetylcholine and thereby opens up the airways by preventing bronchoconstriction. Its use has been shown to provide clinically significant, sustained improvements in lung function.
Indicated for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Mechanism of Action
Umeclidinium is a long-acting, antimuscarinic agent, which is often referred to as an anticholinergic. It has similar affinity to the subtypes of muscarinic receptors M1 to M5. In the airways, it exhibits pharmacological effects through the inhibition of M3 receptor at the smooth muscle leading to bronchodilation.
- Cmax occurred at 5 to 15 minutes, with steady state concentrations arriving in 14 days with 1.8-fold accumulation.
- Mean volume of distribution was 86 L.
- In vitro data showed that umeclidinium is primarily metabolized by the enzyme cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) and is a substrate for the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) transporter. The primary metabolic routes for umeclidinium are oxidative (hydroxylation, Odealkylation) followed by conjugation (e.g., glucuronidation), resulting in a range of metabolites with either reduced pharmacological activity or for which the pharmacological activity has not been established. Systemic exposure to the metabolites is low.
In clinical trials, the most common adverse effects of umeclidinium were nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection, cough, and arthralgia. Atrial fibrillation occurred in <1% of patients, but was more common among patients treated with umeclidinium than in those treated with placebo. Anticholinergics like umeclidinium should be used with caution in patients with narrow-angle glaucoma and in those with prostatic hyperplasia or bladder-neck obstruction. Inhaled medications can cause paradoxical bronchospasm, which can be fatal.
1-[2-(benzyloxy)ethyl]-4-[hydroxy(diphenyl)methyl]-1-azoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane | Umeclidinium |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.