Product Information

Registration Status: Active

KYPROLIS POWDER FOR SOLUTION FOR INFUSION 30 MG/VIAL is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 2018-01-29. It is marketed by AMGEN BIOTECHNOLOGY SINGAPORE PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN15414P.

This product contains Carfilzomib 30mg in the form of INJECTION, POWDER, LYOPHILIZED, FOR SOLUTION. It is approved for INTRAVENOUS use.

This product is manufactured by Patheon Manufacturing Services LLC (Bulk Production and Primary Packager) in UNITED STATES, andAmgen Technology (Ireland) Unlimited Company in IRELAND.

It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.



Carfilzomib is an injectable antineoplastic agent (IV only). Chemically, it is a modified tetrapeptidyl epoxide and an analog of epoxomicin. It is also a selective proteasome inhibitor. FDA approved on July 20, 2012.


Carfilzomib is indicated for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least two prior therapies including bortezomib and an immunomodulatory agent and have demonstrated disease progression on or within 60 days of completion of the last therapy. Approval is based on response rate.

Mechanism of Action

Carfilzomib is made up of four modified peptides and acts as a proteasome inhibitor. Carfilzomib irreversibly and selectively binds to N-terminal threonine-containing active sites of the 20S proteasome, the proteolytic core particle within the 26S proteasome. This 20S core has 3 catalytic active sites: the chymotrypsin, trypsin, and caspase-like sites. Inhibition of the chymotrypsin-like site by carfilzomib (β5 and β5i subunits) is the most effective target in decreasing cellular proliferation, ultimately resulting in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of cancerous cells. At higher doses, carfilzomib will inhibit the trypsin-and capase-like sites.


Cmax, single IV dose of 27 mg/m^2 = 4232 ng/mL; AUC, single IV dose of 27 mg/m^2 = 379 ng•hr/mL; Carfilzomib does not accumulation in the systemic. At doses between 20 and 36 mg/m2, there was a dose-dependent increase in exposure.
Vd, steady state, 20 mg/m^2 = 28 L
Carfilzomib was rapidly and extensively metabolized by the liver. The predominant metabolites were the peptide fragments and the diol of carfilzomib which suggests that the main metabolic pathways are peptidase cleavage and epoxide hydrolysis. The cytochrome P450 enzyme system is minimally involved in the metabolism of carfilzomib. All metabolites are inactive.


Systemic clearance = 151 - 263 L/hour. As this value exceeds hepatic blood flow, it suggests that carfilozmib is cleared extrahepatically.


Most commonly reported adverse reactions (incidence ≥ 30%) are fatigue, anemia, nausea, thrombocytopenia, dyspnea, diarrhea, and pyrexia. The two dose limiting toxicities are thrombocytopenia and febrile neutropenia. Maximum tolerate dose = 15 mg/m^2

Active Ingredient/Synonyms

Carfilzomib | Carfilzomib |

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.


  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank