Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
SYNTOCINON INJECTION 10 IU/ML is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 1989-03-14. It is marketed by MYLAN PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN02496P.
This product contains Oxytocin 10 iu/ml in the form of INJECTION. It is approved for INTRAVENOUS, INTRAMUSCULAR use.
This product is manufactured by NOVARTIS PHARMA STEIN AG in SWITZERLAND.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
Synthetic 9 residue cyclic peptide. The hormone is prepared synthetically to avoid possible contamination with vasopressin (ADH) and other small polypeptides with biologic activity.
Used for labor induction, augmentation of labor, postpartum abbreviation of third stage of labor, postpartum control of uterine bleeding, termination of pregnancy and for the evaluation of fetal respiratory capability. Oxytocin cannot be used for elective induction of labor, there must be a clear medical requirement.
Mechanism of Action
Uterine motility depends on the formation of the contractile protein actomyosin under the influence of the Ca2+-dependent phosphorylating enzyme myosin light-chain kinase. Oxytocin promotes contractions by increasing the intracellular Ca2+, which in turn activates myosin's light chain kinase.. Oxytocin has specific receptors in the muscle lining of the uterus and the receptor concentration increases greatly during pregnancy, reaching a maximum in early labor at term.
- Uterine response after IV administration is immediate and subsides after 1 hour. Uterine contractions occur 3-5mins after IM administration and decreases within 2-3 hours. When 100-200milliunits is administered IV, contractions of the myoepithelial tissue surrounding the alveoli of the breasts occur within minutes and last for about 20 mins.
- Distributes throughout the extracellular fluid and crosses the placenta. It is probable that it also distributes into milk in small amounts.
- Oxytocin is rapidly metabolized in the liver and also in the plasma by oxytocinases. It is also metabolized to a smaller degree by the mammary glands.
Oxytocin can produce a severe water intoxication due to its antidiuretic effect. Prolonged IV infusions of more 40milliunits/min are usually the cause. Severe water intoxication with convulsions, coma, and death can occur. Some neonatal seizures have also been reported. Consider potential for water intoxication, particularly when administered by IV infusion and patient is receiving oral fluids. Uterine effects: High doses or hypersensitivity to oxytocin may cause uterine hypertonicity, spasm, tetanic contraction, or rupture of the uterus. There have also been reported allergic and anaphylactic reactions to oxytocin but they were rarely fatal.
Oxytocin | Oxytocin |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.