Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
XARELTO FILM COATED TABLET 2.5MG is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 2013-06-12. It is marketed by BAYER (SOUTH EAST ASIA) PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN14455P.
This product contains Rivaroxaban 2.5mg in the form of TABLET, FILM-COATED. It is approved for ORAL use.
This product is manufactured by Bayer Pharma AG in GERMANY.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
Rivaroxaban is an anticoagulant and the first orally active direct factor Xa inhibitor. Unlike warfarin, routine lab monitoring of INR is not necessary. However there is no antidote available in the event of a major bleed. Only the 10 mg tablet can be taken without regard to food. The 15 mg and 20 mg tablet should be taken with food. FDA approved on July 1, 2011.
Rivaroxaban is indicated for the prevention of venous thromboembolic events (VTE) in patients who have undergone total hips replacements and total knee replacement surgery; prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation; treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE); to reduce risk of recurrent DVT and/or PE. Due to a lack of safety studies, it is not recommended for use in those under 18 years old. Its use is also not recommended in those with severe renal impairment (<30mL/min).
Mechanism of Action
Rivaroxaban competitively inhibits free and clot bound factor Xa. Factor Xa is needed to activate prothrombin (factor II) to thrombin (factor IIa). Thrombin is a serine protease that is required to activate fibrinogen to fibrin, which is the loose meshwork that completes the clotting process. Since one molecule of factor Xa can generate more than 1000 molecules of thrombin, selective inhibitors of factor Xa are profoundly useful in terminating the amplification of thrombin generation. The action of rivaroxaban is irreversible.
- Following oral administration, rivaroxaban is rapidly absorbed and reaches peak plasma concentration in 2-4 hours. Bioavailability of the 10 mg dose is >80%. However, the 15-20 mg dose have a lower bioavailability if taken in the fasted state and consequently should be taken with food.
- The steady state Vd is 50 L
- Approximately two-thirds of the dose is metabolized. It is metabolized by CYP3A4, CYP3A5, CYP2J2 and CYP-independant mechanisms
Systemic clearance is approximately 10 L/h, so rivaroxaban is considered a drug with low clearance. Renal clearance is ~3-4 L/h.
Excessive bleeding. Overdosages should be treated using activated charcoal and supportive measures such as mechanical compression and hemodynamic support. If bleeding is not controlled, the following procoagulants can be administered: activated prothrombin complex concentrate, prothrombin complex concentrate and recombinant factor VIIa. There is also a higher chance of post procedural hemorrhage compared to enoxaparin (1.55% vs. 1.39% respectively).
Rivaroxaban | Rivaroxaban |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.