Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
ZESTRIL TABLET 5mg is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 1988-03-11. It is marketed by ASTRAZENECA SINGAPORE PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN02369P.
This product contains Lisinopril 5mg in the form of TABLET, FILM-COATED. It is approved for ORAL use.
This product is manufactured by ASTRAZENECA UK LTD in UNITED KINGDOM, andAstraZeneca Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd in CHINA.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
Lisinopril is a potent, competitive inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), the enzyme responsible for the conversion of angiotensin I (ATI) to angiotensin II (ATII). ATII regulates blood pressure and is a key component of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Lisinopril may be used to treat hypertension and symptomatic congestive heart failure, to improve survival in certain individuals following myocardial infarction, and to prevent progression of renal disease in hypertensive patients with diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria or overt nephropathy.
For the treatment of hypertension and symptomatic congestive heart failure. May be used in conjunction with thrombolytic agents, aspirin and/or β-blockers to improve survival in hemodynamically stable individuals following myocardial infarction. May be used to slow the progression of renal disease in hypertensive patients with diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria or overt nephropathy.
Mechanism of Action
There are two isoforms of ACE: the somatic isoform, which exists as a glycoprotein comprised of a single polypeptide chain of 1277; and the testicular isoform, which has a lower molecular mass and is thought to play a role in sperm maturation and binding of sperm to the oviduct epithelium. Somatic ACE has two functionally active domains, N and C, which arise from tandem gene duplication. Although the two domains have high sequence similarity, they play distinct physiological roles. The C-domain is predominantly involved in blood pressure regulation while the N-domain plays a role in hematopoietic stem cell differentiation and proliferation. ACE inhibitors bind to and inhibit the activity of both domains, but have much greater affinity for and inhibitory activity against the C-domain. Lisinopril, one of the few ACE inhibitors that is not a prodrug, competes with ATI for binding to ACE and inhibits and enzymatic proteolysis of ATI to ATII. Decreasing ATII levels in the body decreases blood pressure by inhibiting the pressor effects of ATII as described in the Pharmacology section above. Lisinopril also causes an increase in plasma renin activity likely due to a loss of feedback inhibition mediated by ATII on the release of renin and/or stimulation of reflex mechanisms via baroreceptors.
- Approximately 25%, but widely variable between individuals (6 to 60%) in all doses tested (5-80 mg); absorption is unaffected by food
- Does not undergo metabolism, excreted unchanged in urine.
* 10 L/h [child weighting 30 kg receiving doses of 0.1 to 0.2 mg/kg]
Symptoms of overdose include severe hypotension, electrolyte disturbances, and renal failure. LD50= 2000 mg/kg(orally in rat). Most frequent adverse effects include headache, dizziness, cough, fatigue and diarrhea.
(S)-1-(N(2)-(1-Carboxy-3-phenylpropyl)-L-lysyl)-L-proline | [N2-[(S)-1-CARBOXY-3-phenylpropyl]-L-lysyl-L-proline | Lisinopril | Lisinopril anhydrous | Lisinoprilum | Lisinopril |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.