DISTACLOR FOR ORAL SUSPENSION 125mg/5ml

Contents

Cefaclor

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

3-Chloro-7-D-(2-phenylglycinamido)-3-cephem-4-carboxylic acid | CCL | Cefaclor | Cefaclor anhydrous | Cefacloro | Cefaclorum | Céfeaclor | Cephaclor | Cefaclor |

Description

Semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derivative of cephalexin.

Indication

For the treatment of certain infections caused by bacteria such as pneumonia and ear, lung, skin, throat, and urinary tract infections.

Mechanism of Action

Cefaclor, like the penicillins, is a beta-lactam antibiotic. By binding to specific penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs) located inside the bacterial cell wall, it inhibits the third and last stage of bacterial cell wall synthesis. Cell lysis is then mediated by bacterial cell wall autolytic enzymes such as autolysins. It is possible that cefaclor interferes with an autolysin inhibitor.

Pharmacodynamics

Cefaclor is a second generation cephalosporin antibiotic with a spectrum resembling first-generation cephalosporins. In vitro tests demonstrate that the bactericidal action of the cephalosporins results from inhibition of cell-wall synthesis. Cefaclor has been shown to be active against most strains of the following microorganisms, both in vitro and in clinical infections: Gram positive aerobes - Staphylococci (including coagulase-positive, coagulase-negative, and penicillinase-producing strains), Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Streptococcus pyogenes (group A ß-hemolytic streptococci). Gram-negative aerobes - Escherichia coli, Haemophilus influenzae (including ß-lactamase-producing ampicillin-resistant strains), Klebsiella sp, and Proteus mirabilis.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Well absorbed after oral administration, independent of food intake.

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

No appreciable biotransformation in liver (approximately 60% to 85% of the drug is excreted unchanged in the urine within 8 hours).

Elimination:

Approximately 60% to 85% of the drug is excreted unchanged in the urine within 8 hours, the greater portion being excreted within the first 2 hours.

Half-life

0.6-0.9 hour

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Symptoms of overdose include diarrhea, nausea, stomach upset, and vomiting.

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

DISTACLOR FOR ORAL SUSPENSION 125mg/5ml was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by A. MENARINI SINGAPORE PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00832P with effective from 1988-06-05.

This product contains 125mg/5ml of Cefaclor in the form of GRANULE, FOR SUSPENSION.

The medicine was manufactured by FACTA FARMACEUTICI S.P.A in ITALY

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

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22ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5mlSalbutamolP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
41APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
42APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
44APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
45APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
46APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
55APO-ISDN TABLET 10mgIsosorbide DinitratePOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
63DIAPO TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
64FURMIDE TABLET 40mgFurosemidePOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
4DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANTAmmonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
5DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED.Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
400FAKTU SUPPOSITORYCinchocaine|PolicresulenP OnlyTAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTDActive
407TRIMAXAZOLE TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
435APO-SULFATRIM TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
508APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
526B.S. SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMAPEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTDActive
583CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
676BANEOCIN OINTMENTBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive
678BANEOCIN POWDERBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive