DEXTRACIN EYE/EAR DROPS

Contents

Dexamethasone
Neomycin

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

1-Dehydro-16alpha-methyl-9alpha-fluorohydrocortisone | 1-Dehydro-16α-methyl-9α-fluorohydrocortisone | 16alpha-Methyl-9alpha-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol | 16α-Methyl-9α-fluoro-1-dehydrocortisol | 9alpha-Fluoro-16alpha-methylprednisolone | 9α-Fluoro-16α-methylprednisolone | Dexametasona | Dexamethasone | Dexamethasonum | Dexamethasone |

Description

An anti-inflammatory 9-fluoro-glucocorticoid. [PubChem]

Indication

Injection: for the treatment of endocrine disorders, rheumatic D=disorders, collagen diseases, dermatologic diseases, allergic statesc, ophthalmic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, respiratory diseases, hematologic disorders, neoplastic diseases, edematous states, cerebral edema.
Ophthalmic ointment and solution: for the treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva, cornea, and anterior segment of the globe.
Ophthalmic solution only: for the treatment of steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the external auditory meatus
Topic cream: for relief of the inflammatory and pruritic manifestations of corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses
Oral aerosol: for the treatment of bronchial asthma and related corticosteroid responsive bronchospastic states intractable to adequate trial of conventional therapy
Intranasal aerosol: for the treatment of allergic ot inflammatory nasal conditions, and nasal polyps

Mechanism of Action

Dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid agonist. Unbound dexamethasone crosses cell membranes and binds with high affinity to specific cytoplasmic glucocorticoid receptors. This complex binds to DNA elements (glucocorticoid response elements) which results in a modification of transcription and, hence, protein synthesis in order to achieve inhibition of leukocyte infiltration at the site of inflammation, interference in the function of mediators of inflammatory response, suppression of humoral immune responses, and reduction in edema or scar tissue. The antiinflammatory actions of dexamethasone are thought to involve phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins, lipocortins, which control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes.

Pharmacodynamics

Dexamethasone and its derivatives, dexamethasone sodium phosphate and dexamethasone acetate, are synthetic glucocorticoids. Used for its antiinflammatory or immunosuppressive properties and ability to penetrate the CNS, dexamethasone is used alone to manage cerebral edema and with tobramycin to treat corticosteroid-responsive inflammatory ocular conditions.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

80-90%

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

Hepatic.

Elimination:

Not Available

Half-life

36-54 hours

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Oral, rat LD50: >3 gm/kg. Signs of overdose include retinal toxicity, glaucoma, subcapsular cataract, gastrointestinal bleeding, pancreatitis, aseptic bone necrosis, osteoporosis, myopathies, obesity, edemas, hypertension, proteinuria, diabetes, sleep disturbances, psychiatric syndromes, delayed wound healing, atrophy and fragility of the skin, ecchymosis, and pseudotumor cerebri.

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

Fradiomycin B | Framicetina | Framycetin | Framycétine | Framycetinum | Neomycin B | Framycetin |

Description

A component of neomycin that is produced by Streptomyces fradiae. On hydrolysis it yields neamine and neobiosamine B. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)

Indication

For the treatment of bacterial blepharitis, bacterial bonjunctivitis, corneal injuries, corneal ulcers and meibomianitis. For the prophylaxis of ocular infections following foreign body removal

Mechanism of Action

Framycetin binds to specific 30S-subunit proteins and 16S rRNA, four nucleotides of 16S rRNA and a single amino acid of protein S12. This interferes with decoding site in the vicinity of nucleotide 1400 in 16S rRNA of 30S subunit. This region interacts with the wobble base in the anticodon of tRNA. This leads to interference with the initiation complex, misreading of mRNA so incorrect amino acids are inserted into the polypeptide leading to nonfunctional or toxic peptides and the breakup of polysomes into nonfunctional monosomes.

Pharmacodynamics

Framycetin is used for the treatment of bacterial eye infections such as conjunctivitis. Framycetin is an antibiotic. It is not active against fungi, viruses and most kinds of anaerobic bacteria. Framycetin works by binding to the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit, causing misreading of t-RNA, leaving the bacterium unable to synthesize proteins vital to its growth. Framycetin is useful primarily in infections involving aerobic bacteria bacteria.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Not Available

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

Not Available

Elimination:

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Not Available

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

DEXTRACIN EYE/EAR DROPS was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00959P with effective from 1988-10-05.

This product contains 0.1% w/v of Dexamethasone, and 0.5% w/v of Neomycin in the form of SOLUTION.

The medicine was manufactured by XEPA-SOUL PATTINSON (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD in MALAYSIA

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
1DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5mlDextromethorphanP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
22ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5mlSalbutamolP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
41APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
42APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
44APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
45APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
46APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
55APO-ISDN TABLET 10mgIsosorbide DinitratePOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
63DIAPO TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
64FURMIDE TABLET 40mgFurosemidePOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
4DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANTAmmonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
5DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED.Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
400FAKTU SUPPOSITORYCinchocaine|PolicresulenP OnlyTAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTDActive
407TRIMAXAZOLE TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
435APO-SULFATRIM TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
508APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
526B.S. SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMAPEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTDActive
583CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
676BANEOCIN OINTMENTBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive
678BANEOCIN POWDERBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive