ZARIN CREAM 2%

Contents

Miconazole

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

1-(2,4-Dichloro-beta-((2,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)phenethyl)imidazole | 1-[2-(2,4-Dichloro-benzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichloro-phenyl)-ethyl]-1H-imidazole | Daktarin iv | Miconazole | Monistat iv (tn) | Miconazole |

Description

An imidazole antifungal agent that is used topically and by intravenous infusion. [PubChem]

Indication

For topical application in the treatment of tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris, and tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, and Epidermophyton floccosum, in the treatment of cutaneous candidiasis (moniliasis), and in the treatment of tinea versicolor.

Mechanism of Action

Miconazole interacts with 14-α demethylase, a cytochrome P-450 enzyme necessary to convert lanosterol to ergosterol. As ergosterol is an essential component of the fungal cell membrane, inhibition of its synthesis results in increased cellular permeability causing leakage of cellular contents. Miconazole may also inhibit endogenous respiration, interact with membrane phospholipids, inhibit the transformation of yeasts to mycelial forms, inhibit purine uptake, and impair triglyceride and/or phospholipid biosynthesis.

Pharmacodynamics

Miconazole is an anti-fungal medication related to fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), and clotrimazole (Lotrimin, Mycelex). It is used either on the skin or in the vagina for fungal infections. Miconazole was approved by the FDA in 1974. Miconazole prevents fungal organisms from producing vital substances required for growth and function. This medication is effective only for infections caused by fungal organisms. It will not work for bacterial or viral infections.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Not Available

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

Not Available

Elimination:

Not Available

Half-life

Not Available

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Oral, mouse: LD50 = 3800 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 3 gm/kg. Ingestion of the amounts of the components contained in a tube of cream are unlikely to produce overdosage and toxic effects.

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

Although best effort has been made to ensure the information provided is correct and updated, users are advised to visit HSA Official website whenever in doubt. Please see Disclaimers.
We welcome all the content error reporting/feedback. Please contact us @ Text Us!

Approval Information

ZARIN CREAM 2% was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00962P with effective from 1988-10-05.

This product contains 2.00% w/w of Miconazole in the form of CREAM.

The medicine was manufactured by XEPA-SOUL PATTINSON (MALAYSIA) SDN BHD in MALAYSIA

It is a an Over-the-counter Medicine which can be freely obtained from any retailer

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

ATC Code: D01AC02

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
1 DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5ml Dextromethorphan P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
22 ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5ml Salbutamol P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
41 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
42 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
44 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
45 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
46 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
55 APO-ISDN TABLET 10mg Isosorbide Dinitrate POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
63 DIAPO TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
64 FURMIDE TABLET 40mg Furosemide POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
5 DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED. Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium Citrate P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
400 FAKTU SUPPOSITORY Cinchocaine|Policresulen P Only TAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTD Active
407 TRIMAXAZOLE TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
435 APO-SULFATRIM TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
508 APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
526 B.S. SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD Active
583 CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
676 BANEOCIN OINTMENT Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
678 BANEOCIN POWDER Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
706 TIENAM 500 FOR INJECTION Imipenem|Cilastatin POM MSD PHARMA (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active