MEDOMYCIN CAPSULE 100mg

Contents

Doxycycline

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

5-hydroxy-α-6-deoxytetracycline | 6-alpha-deoxy-5-oxytetracycline | 6alpha-deoxy-5-oxytetracycline | 6α-deoxy-5-oxytetracycline | Anhydrous doxycycline | Doxiciclina | Doxycyclin | Doxycycline (anhydrous) | Doxycycline anhydrous | Doxycyclinum | Doxycycline |

Description

A synthetic tetracycline derivative with similar antimicrobial activity. Animal studies suggest that it may cause less tooth staining than other tetracyclines. It is used in some areas for the treatment of chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria (malaria, falciparum).

Indication

Doxycycline is indicated for use in respiratory tract infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Legionella spp., or Klebsiella spp. It is also used for prophylaxis of malaria. Doxycycline is indicated for a variety of bacterial infections, from Mycobacterium fortuitum and M. marinum, to susceptible E. coli and Brucella spp. It can be used as an alternative to treating plague, tetanus, Campylobacter fetus

Mechanism of Action

Doxycycline, like minocycline, is lipophilic and can pass through the lipid bilayer of bacteria. Doxycycline reversibly binds to the 30 S ribosomal subunits and possibly the 50S ribosomal subunit(s), blocking the binding of aminoacyl tRNA to the mRNA and inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. Doxycycline prevents the normal function of the apicoplast of Plasmodium falciparum, a malaria causing organism.

Pharmacodynamics

Doxycycline, a long-acting tetracycline derived from oxytetracycline, is used to inhibit bacterial protein synthesis and treat non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis, exacerbations of bronchitis in patients with COPD, and adult periodontitis.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Completely absorbed following oral administration.

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

Hepatic

Elimination:

They are concentrated by the liver in the bile and excreted in the urine and feces at high concentrations in a biologically active form.

Half-life

18-22 hours

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Symptoms of overdose include anorexia, nausea, diarrhoea, glossitis, dysphagia, enterocolitis and inflammatory lesions (with monilial overgrowth) in the anogenital region, skin reactions such as maculopapular and erythematous rashes, exfoliative dermatitis, photosensitivity, hypersensitivity reactions such as urticaria, angioneurotic oedema, anaphylaxis, anaphyl-actoid purpura, pericarditis, and exacerbation of systemic lupus erythematosus, benign intracranial hypertension in adults disappearing on discontinuation of the medicine, haematologic abnormalities such as haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and eosinophilia. LD50=262 mg/kg (I.P. in rat).

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

MEDOMYCIN CAPSULE 100mg was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by MEDOCHEMIE SINGAPORE PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00968P with effective from 1988-10-05.

This product contains 100mg of Doxycycline in the form of CAPSULE.

The medicine was manufactured by MEDOCHEMIE LTD - Factory AZ in CYPRUS

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

ATC Code: J01AA02

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
1 DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5ml Dextromethorphan P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
22 ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5ml Salbutamol P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
41 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
42 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
44 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
45 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
46 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
55 APO-ISDN TABLET 10mg Isosorbide Dinitrate POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
63 DIAPO TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
64 FURMIDE TABLET 40mg Furosemide POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
5 DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED. Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium Citrate P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
400 FAKTU SUPPOSITORY Cinchocaine|Policresulen P Only TAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTD Active
407 TRIMAXAZOLE TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
435 APO-SULFATRIM TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
508 APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
526 B.S. SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD Active
583 CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
676 BANEOCIN OINTMENT Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
678 BANEOCIN POWDER Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
706 TIENAM 500 FOR INJECTION Imipenem|Cilastatin POM MSD PHARMA (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active