SODIUM CHLORIDE WIDATRA INTRAVENOUS INFUSION 0.9%

Sodium Chloride

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

Sodium Chloride | Sodium Chloride |

Description

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, common salt, table salt or halite, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of seawater and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. It is listed on the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines.

Indication

This intravenous solution is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration. Also, designed for use as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives.

Mechanism of Action

Sodium and chloride — major electrolytes of the fluid compartment outside of cells (i.e., extracellular) — work together to control extracellular volume and blood pressure. Disturbances in sodium concentrations in the extracellular fluid are associated with disorders of water balance.

Pharmacodynamics

Sodium, the major cation of the extracellular fluid, functions primarily in the control of water distribution, fluid balance, and osmotic pressure of body fluids. Sodium is also associated with chloride and bicarbonate in the regulation of the acid-base equilibrium of body fluid. Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Absorption of sodium in the small intestine plays an important role in the absorption of chloride, amino acids, glucose, and water. Chloride, in the form of hydrochloric acid (HCl), is also an important component of gastric juice, which aids the digestion and absorption of many nutrients.

Distribution:

The volume of distribution is 0.64 L/kg.

Metabolism:

The salt that is taken in to gastro intestinal tract remains for the most part unabsorbed as the liquid contents pass through the stomach and small bowel. On reaching the colon this salt, together with the water is taken in to the blood. As excesses are absorbed the kidney is constantly excreting sodium chloride, so that the chloride level in the blood and tissues remains fairly constant.Further more, if the chloride intake ceases, the kidney ceases to excrete chlorides. Body maintains an equilibrium retaining the 300gm of salt dissolved in the blood and fluid elements of the tissue dissociated into sodium ions and chloride ions.

Elimination:

Substantially excreted by the kidneys. (drugs.com)

Half-life

17 minutes ( wikipedia)

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

The rare inadvertent intravascular administration or rapid intravascular absorption of hypertonic sodium chloride can cause a shift of tissue fluids into the vascular bed, resulting in hypervolemia, electrolyte disturbances, circulatory failure, pulmonary embolism, or augmented hypertension. ( toxnet)

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

SODIUM CHLORIDE WIDATRA INTRAVENOUS INFUSION 0.9% was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by LUEN WAH MEDICAL COMPANY (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN15129P with effective from 2016-12-02.

This product contains 0.9% w/v of Sodium Chloride in the form of INFUSION, SOLUTION.

The medicine was manufactured by Pt Widatra Bhakti in INDONESIA

It is a an Over-the-counter Medicine which can be freely obtained from any retailer

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

ATC Code: B05XA03

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