DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5ml

Dextromethorphan

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

(+)-dextromethorphan | D-methorphan | delta-Methorphan | Dex | Dextromethorfan | Dextromethorphan | Dextrométhorphane | Dextromethorphanum | Dextrometorfano | DM | Dextromethorphan |

Description

The d-isomer of the codeine analog of levorphanol. Dextromethorphan shows high affinity binding to several regions of the brain, including the medullary cough center. This compound is an NMDA receptor antagonist (receptors, N-methyl-D-aspartate) and acts as a non-competitive channel blocker. It is one of the widely used antitussives, and is also used to study the involvement of glutamate receptors in neurotoxicity. [PubChem]

Indication

For treatment and relief of dry cough.

Mechanism of Action

Dextromethorphan is an opioid-like drug that binds to and acts as antagonist to the NMDA glutamatergic receptor, it is an agonist to the opioid sigma 1 and sigma 2 receptors, it is also an alpha3/beta4 nicotinic receptor antagonist and targets the serotonin reuptake pump. Dextromethorphan is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, where it enters the bloodstream and crosses the blood-brain barrier. The first-pass through the hepatic portal vein results in some of the drug being metabolized into an active metabolite of dextromethorphan, dextrorphan, the 3-hydroxy derivative of dextromethorphan.

Pharmacodynamics

Dextromethorphan suppresses the cough reflex by a direct action on the cough center in the medulla of the brain. Dextromethorphan shows high affinity binding to several regions of the brain, including the medullary cough center. This compound is an NMDA receptor antagonist and acts as a non-competitive channel blocker. It is one of the widely used antitussives, and is also used to study the involvement of glutamate receptors in neurotoxicity.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

Hepatic. Rapidly and extensively metabolized to dextrorphan (active metabolite). One well known metabolic catalyst involved is a specific cytochrome P450 enzyme known as 2D6, or CYP2D6.

Elimination:

Not Available

Half-life

3-6 hours

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Not Available

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

Although best effort has been made to ensure the information provided is correct and updated, users are advised to visit HSA Official website whenever in doubt. Please see Disclaimers.
We welcome all the content error reporting/feedback. Please contact us @ Text Us!

Approval Information

DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5ml was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00001P with effective from 1987-10-16.

This product contains 15mg/5ml of Dextromethorphan in the form of ELIXIR.

The medicine was manufactured by DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD in SINGAPORE

It is a Pharmacy Only Medicine which can be obtained from a pharmacist at a retail pharmacy.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
1DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5mlDextromethorphanP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
22ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5mlSalbutamolP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
41APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
42APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
44APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
45APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
46APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
55APO-ISDN TABLET 10mgIsosorbide DinitratePOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
63DIAPO TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
64FURMIDE TABLET 40mgFurosemidePOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
4DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANTAmmonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
5DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED.Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
400FAKTU SUPPOSITORYCinchocaine|PolicresulenP OnlyTAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTDActive
407TRIMAXAZOLE TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
435APO-SULFATRIM TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
508APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
526B.S. SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMAPEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTDActive
583CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
676BANEOCIN OINTMENTBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive
678BANEOCIN POWDERBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive