CEFTRIAXONE-AFT POWDER FOR INJECTION 0.5G/VIAL

Ceftriaxone

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

(6R,7R)-7-{[(2Z)-2-(2-amino-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)-2-(methoxyimino)acetyl]amino}-3-{[(2-methyl-5,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)sulfanyl]methyl}-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid | Cefatriaxone | Ceftriaxona | Ceftriaxonum | Ceftriazone | Ceftriaxone |

Description

A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears. [PubChem]

Indication

For the treatment of the infections (respiratory, skin, soft tissue, UTI, ENT) caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, staphylococci, S. pyogenes (group A beta-hemolytic streptococci), E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella sp, coagulase-negative staph

Mechanism of Action

Ceftriaxone works by inhibiting the mucopeptide synthesis in the bacterial cell wall. The beta-lactam moiety of Ceftriaxone binds to carboxypeptidases, endopeptidases, and transpeptidases in the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. These enzymes are involved in cell-wall synthesis and cell division. By binding to these enzymes, Ceftriaxone results in the formation of of defective cell walls and cell death.

Pharmacodynamics

Ceftriaxone is a cephalosporin/cephamycin beta-lactam antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually gram-positive, organisms. Ceftriaxone has in vitro activity against gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The bactericidal activity of Ceftriaxone results from the inhibition of cell wall synthesis and is mediated through Ceftriaxone binding to penicillin binding proteins (PBPs). Ceftriaxone is stable against hydrolysis by a variety of beta-lactamases, including penicillinases, and cephalosporinases and extended spectrum beta-lactamases.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Not Available

Distribution:

* 5.78 to 13.5 L

Metabolism:

Not Available

Elimination:

Thirty-three percent to 67% of a ceftriaxone dose was excreted in the urine as unchanged drug and the remainder was secreted in the bile and ultimately found in the feces as microbiologically inactive compounds.

Half-life

5.8-8.7 hours

Clearance

* 0.58 - 1.45 L/h [healthy adults receiving 0.15-3 g of CEFTRIAXONE]

Toxicity

Not Available

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

CEFTRIAXONE-AFT POWDER FOR INJECTION 0.5G/VIAL was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN15207P with effective from 2017-04-11.

This product contains 0.5g/vial of Ceftriaxone in the form of INJECTION, POWDER, FOR SOLUTION.

The medicine was manufactured by Qilu Pharmaceutical Co Ltd in CHINA

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

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22 ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5ml Salbutamol P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
41 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
42 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
44 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
45 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
46 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
55 APO-ISDN TABLET 10mg Isosorbide Dinitrate POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
63 DIAPO TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
64 FURMIDE TABLET 40mg Furosemide POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active

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5 DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED. Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium Citrate P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
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407 TRIMAXAZOLE TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
435 APO-SULFATRIM TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
508 APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
526 B.S. SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD Active
583 CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
676 BANEOCIN OINTMENT Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
678 BANEOCIN POWDER Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
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