HERBESSER TABLET 30mg

Diltiazem

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

(+)-cis-5-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-(p-methoxyphenyl)-1,5-benzothiazepin-4(5H)-one acetate ester | (2S-cis)-3-(acetyloxy)-5-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-2,3-dihydro-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,5-benzothiazepin-4(5H)-one | (2S,3S)-5-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydrobenzo[b][1,4]thiazepin-3-yl acetate | Acetic acid (2S,3S)-5-(2-dimethylamino-ethyl)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-4-oxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-benzo[b][1,4]thiazepin-3-yl ester | D-cis-diltiazem | Diltiazem | Diltiazemum | Diltiazem |

Description

A benzothiazepine derivative with vasodilating action due to its antagonism of the actions of the calcium ion in membrane functions. It is also teratogenic.

Indication

For the treatment of Hypertension

Mechanism of Action

Possibly by deforming the channel, inhibiting ion-control gating mechanisms, and/or interfering with the release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, diltiazem, like verapamil, inhibits the influx of extracellular calcium across both the myocardial and vascular smooth muscle cell membranes. The resultant inhibition of the contractile processes of the myocardial smooth muscle cells leads to dilation of the coronary and systemic arteries and improved oxygen delivery to the myocardial tissue.

Pharmacodynamics

Diltiazem, a benzothiazepine calcium-channel blocker, is used alone or with an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, to treat hypertension, chronic stable angina pectoris, and Prinzmetal's variant angina. Diltiazem is a non-dihydropyridine (DHP)member of the calcium channel blocker class, along with Verapamil. Diltiazem is similar to other peripheral vasodilators. Diltiazem inhibits the influx of extra cellular calcium across the myocardial and vascular smooth muscle cell membranes possibly by deforming the channel, inhibiting ion-control gating mechanisms, and/or interfering with the release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. The decrease in intracellular calcium inhibits the contractile processes of the myocardial smooth muscle cells, causing dilation of the coronary and systemic arteries, increased oxygen delivery to the myocardial tissue, decreased total peripheral resistance, decreased systemic blood pressure, and decreased afterload.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Diltiazem is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract but undergoes substantial hepatic first-pass effect.

Distribution:

Not Available

Metabolism:

Diltiazem is metabolized by and acts as an inhibitor of the CYP3A4 enzyme.

Elimination:

Not Available

Half-life

3.0 - 4.5 hours

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

LD50=740mg/kg (orally in mice)

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

HERBESSER TABLET 30mg was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00428P with effective from 1988-04-28.

This product contains 30mg of Diltiazem in the form of TABLET.

The medicine was manufactured by PT. Tanabe Indonesia in INDONESIA

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
1DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5mlDextromethorphanP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
22ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5mlSalbutamolP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
41APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
42APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
44APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
45APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
46APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
55APO-ISDN TABLET 10mgIsosorbide DinitratePOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
63DIAPO TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
64FURMIDE TABLET 40mgFurosemidePOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug IDTrade NameActive IngredientsForensic ClassRegistrantStatus
4DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANTAmmonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
5DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED.Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium CitrateP OnlyDRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTDActive
400FAKTU SUPPOSITORYCinchocaine|PolicresulenP OnlyTAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTDActive
407TRIMAXAZOLE TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
435APO-SULFATRIM TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
508APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
526B.S. SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMAPEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTDActive
583CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMBEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTDActive
676BANEOCIN OINTMENTBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive
678BANEOCIN POWDERBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive