RAFUSTER SOFT CAPSULES 0.5 MG

Dutasteride

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

(5alpha,17beta)-N-(2,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-oxo-4-azaandrost-1-ene-17-carboxamide | alpha,alpha,alpha,Alpha',alpha',alpha'-hexafluoro-3-oxo-4-aza-5alpha-androst-1-ene-17beta-carboxy-2',5'-xylidide | Dutasteride |

Description

Dutasteride belongs to a class of drugs called 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, which block the action of the 5-alpha-reductase enzymes that convert testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Finasteride also belongs to this group, but while dutasteride inhibits both isoforms of 5-alpha reductase, finasteride inhibits only one. Even so, a clinical study done by GlaxoSmithKline, the EPICS trial, did not find dutasteride to be more effective than finasteride in treating BPH.

Indication

For the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate gland to improve symptoms, and reduce the risk of acute urinary retention and the need for surgery.

Mechanism of Action

Dutasteride inhibits the conversion of testosterone to 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is the androgen primarily responsible for the initial development and subsequent enlargement of the prostate gland. Testosterone is converted to DHT by the enzyme 5 alpha-reductase, which exists as 2 isoforms, type 1 and type 2. Dutasteride is a competitive and specific inhibitor of both type 1 and type 2 5 alpha-reductase isoenzymes, with which it forms a stable enzyme complex. Dissociation from this complex has been evaluated under in vitro and in vivo conditions and is extremely slow. Dutasteride does not bind to the human androgen receptor.

Pharmacodynamics

Dutasteride is a synthetic 4-azasteroid compound that is a selective inhibitor of both the type 1 and type 2 isoforms of steroid 5 alpha-reductase (5AR), intracellular enzymes that convert testosterone to 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Type I 5a-reductase is predominant in the sebaceous glands of most regions of skin, including scalp, and liver. Type I 5a-reductase is responsible for approximately one-third of circulating DHT. The Type II 5a-reductase isozyme is primarily found in prostate, seminal vesicles, epididymides, and hair follicles as well as liver, and is responsible for two-thirds of circulating DHT.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

60%

Distribution:

* 300 to 500 L

Metabolism:

Hepatic. Extensively metabolized by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 to active metabolites.

Elimination:

Dutasteride is extensively metabolized in humans. Dutasteride and its metabolites were excreted mainly in feces.

Half-life

5 weeks

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

Not Available

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

RAFUSTER SOFT CAPSULES 0.5 MG was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by ENTREPHARM PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN15882P with effective from 2020-01-31.

This product contains 0.5 mg of Dutasteride in the form of CAPSULE, LIQUID FILLED.

The medicine was manufactured by GAP SA in GREECE

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

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1 DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5ml Dextromethorphan P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
22 ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5ml Salbutamol P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
41 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
42 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
44 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
45 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
46 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
55 APO-ISDN TABLET 10mg Isosorbide Dinitrate POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
63 DIAPO TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
64 FURMIDE TABLET 40mg Furosemide POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
5 DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED. Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium Citrate P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
400 FAKTU SUPPOSITORY Cinchocaine|Policresulen P Only TAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTD Active
407 TRIMAXAZOLE TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
435 APO-SULFATRIM TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
508 APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
526 B.S. SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD Active
583 CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
676 BANEOCIN OINTMENT Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
678 BANEOCIN POWDER Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
706 TIENAM 500 FOR INJECTION Imipenem|Cilastatin POM MSD PHARMA (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active