ROCEPHIN FOR INJECTION 250mg/VIAL (INTRAMUSCULAR)

Ceftriaxone

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

(6R,7R)-7-{[(2Z)-2-(2-amino-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)-2-(methoxyimino)acetyl]amino}-3-{[(2-methyl-5,6-dioxo-1,2,5,6-tetrahydro-1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)sulfanyl]methyl}-8-oxo-5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid | Cefatriaxone | Ceftriaxona | Ceftriaxonum | Ceftriazone | Ceftriaxone |

Description

A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears. [PubChem]

Indication

For the treatment of the infections (respiratory, skin, soft tissue, UTI, ENT) caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, staphylococci, S. pyogenes (group A beta-hemolytic streptococci), E. coli, P. mirabilis, Klebsiella sp, coagulase-negative staph

Mechanism of Action

Ceftriaxone works by inhibiting the mucopeptide synthesis in the bacterial cell wall. The beta-lactam moiety of Ceftriaxone binds to carboxypeptidases, endopeptidases, and transpeptidases in the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. These enzymes are involved in cell-wall synthesis and cell division. By binding to these enzymes, Ceftriaxone results in the formation of of defective cell walls and cell death.

Pharmacodynamics

Ceftriaxone is a cephalosporin/cephamycin beta-lactam antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections caused by susceptible, usually gram-positive, organisms. Ceftriaxone has in vitro activity against gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. The bactericidal activity of Ceftriaxone results from the inhibition of cell wall synthesis and is mediated through Ceftriaxone binding to penicillin binding proteins (PBPs). Ceftriaxone is stable against hydrolysis by a variety of beta-lactamases, including penicillinases, and cephalosporinases and extended spectrum beta-lactamases.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Not Available

Distribution:

* 5.78 to 13.5 L

Metabolism:

Not Available

Elimination:

Thirty-three percent to 67% of a ceftriaxone dose was excreted in the urine as unchanged drug and the remainder was secreted in the bile and ultimately found in the feces as microbiologically inactive compounds.

Half-life

5.8-8.7 hours

Clearance

* 0.58 - 1.45 L/h [healthy adults receiving 0.15-3 g of CEFTRIAXONE]

Toxicity

Not Available

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

ROCEPHIN FOR INJECTION 250mg/VIAL (INTRAMUSCULAR) was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by ROCHE SINGAPORE PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN00386P with effective from 1988-04-27.

This product contains 250mg/vial of Ceftriaxone in the form of INJECTION, POWDER, FOR SOLUTION.

The medicine was manufactured by F HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE LTD in SWITZERLAND

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

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44APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
45APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mgDiazepamPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
46APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mgPropranololPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
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508APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLETSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMPHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTDActive
526B.S. SUSPENSIONSulfamethoxazole|TrimethoprimPOMAPEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTDActive
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676BANEOCIN OINTMENTBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive
678BANEOCIN POWDERBacitracin|NeomycinPOMNOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTDActive