SODIUM CHLORIDE KABI SOLUTION FOR INFUSION 0.9%

Sodium Chloride

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

Sodium Chloride | Sodium Chloride |

Description

Sodium chloride, also known as salt, common salt, table salt or halite, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of seawater and of the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. It is listed on the World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines.

Indication

This intravenous solution is indicated for use in adults and pediatric patients as a source of electrolytes and water for hydration. Also, designed for use as a diluent and delivery system for intermittent intravenous administration of compatible drug additives.

Mechanism of Action

Sodium and chloride — major electrolytes of the fluid compartment outside of cells (i.e., extracellular) — work together to control extracellular volume and blood pressure. Disturbances in sodium concentrations in the extracellular fluid are associated with disorders of water balance.

Pharmacodynamics

Sodium, the major cation of the extracellular fluid, functions primarily in the control of water distribution, fluid balance, and osmotic pressure of body fluids. Sodium is also associated with chloride and bicarbonate in the regulation of the acid-base equilibrium of body fluid. Chloride, the major extracellular anion, closely follows the metabolism of sodium, and changes in the acid-base balance of the body are reflected by changes in the chloride concentration.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

Absorption of sodium in the small intestine plays an important role in the absorption of chloride, amino acids, glucose, and water. Chloride, in the form of hydrochloric acid (HCl), is also an important component of gastric juice, which aids the digestion and absorption of many nutrients.

Distribution:

The volume of distribution is 0.64 L/kg.

Metabolism:

The salt that is taken in to gastro intestinal tract remains for the most part unabsorbed as the liquid contents pass through the stomach and small bowel. On reaching the colon this salt, together with the water is taken in to the blood. As excesses are absorbed the kidney is constantly excreting sodium chloride, so that the chloride level in the blood and tissues remains fairly constant.Further more, if the chloride intake ceases, the kidney ceases to excrete chlorides. Body maintains an equilibrium retaining the 300gm of salt dissolved in the blood and fluid elements of the tissue dissociated into sodium ions and chloride ions.

Elimination:

Substantially excreted by the kidneys. (drugs.com)

Half-life

17 minutes ( wikipedia)

Clearance

Not Available

Toxicity

The rare inadvertent intravascular administration or rapid intravascular absorption of hypertonic sodium chloride can cause a shift of tissue fluids into the vascular bed, resulting in hypervolemia, electrolyte disturbances, circulatory failure, pulmonary embolism, or augmented hypertension. ( toxnet)

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

Although best effort has been made to ensure the information provided is correct and updated, users are advised to visit HSA Official website whenever in doubt. Please see Disclaimers.
We welcome all the content error reporting/feedback. Please contact us @ Text Us!

Approval Information

SODIUM CHLORIDE KABI SOLUTION FOR INFUSION 0.9% was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by FRESENIUS KABI (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN15205P with effective from 2017-04-04.

This product contains 0.90% of Sodium Chloride in the form of INFUSION, SOLUTION.

The medicine was manufactured by Fresenius Kabi Bidiphar Joint Stock Company in VIETNAM SOC

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

ATC Code: B05XA03

Products Containing as Single Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
1 DEXTROMETHORPHAN LINCTUS 15mg/5ml Dextromethorphan P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
22 ZENMOLIN SYRUP 2mg/5ml Salbutamol P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
41 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 40mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
42 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 2mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
44 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 5mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
45 APO-DIAZEPAM TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
46 APO-PROPRANOLOL TABLET 10mg Propranolol POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
55 APO-ISDN TABLET 10mg Isosorbide Dinitrate POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
63 DIAPO TABLET 10mg Diazepam POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
64 FURMIDE TABLET 40mg Furosemide POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active

Products Containing as Mixture Ingredient

Drug ID Trade Name Active Ingredients Forensic Class Registrant Status
5 DIPHENHYDRAMINE EXPECTORANT PAED. Ammonium Chloride|Diphenhydramine|Sodium Citrate P Only DRUG HOUSES OF AUSTRALIA PTE LTD Active
400 FAKTU SUPPOSITORY Cinchocaine|Policresulen P Only TAKEDA PHARMACEUTICALS (ASIA PACIFIC) PTE LTD Active
407 TRIMAXAZOLE TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
435 APO-SULFATRIM TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
508 APO-SULFATRIM PEDIATRIC TABLET Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM PHARMAFORTE SINGAPORE PTE LTD Active
526 B.S. SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM APEX PHARMA MARKETING PTE LTD Active
583 CO-TRIMEXAZOLE SUSPENSION Sulfamethoxazole|Trimethoprim POM BEACONS PHARMACEUTICALS PTE LTD Active
676 BANEOCIN OINTMENT Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
678 BANEOCIN POWDER Bacitracin|Neomycin POM NOVARTIS (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active
706 TIENAM 500 FOR INJECTION Imipenem|Cilastatin POM MSD PHARMA (SINGAPORE) PTE LTD Active