TAGRISSO TABLET 80MG

Osimertinib

Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18
*Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.

Active Ingredient / Synonyms

Mereletinib | N-(2-{[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl](methyl)amino}-4-methoxy-5-{[4-(1-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl)pyrimidin-2-yl]amino}phenyl)prop-2-enamide | Osimertinib |

Description

Osimertinib is an oral, third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) drug developed by AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals. Its use is indicated for the treatment of metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in cases where tumour EGFR expression is positive for the T790M mutation as detected by FDA-approved testing and which has progressed following therapy with a first-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Approximately 10% of patients with NSCLC have a rapid and clinically effective response to EGFR-TKIs due to the presence of specific activating EGFR mutations within the tumour cells. More specifically, deletions around the LREA motif in exon 19 and exon 21 L858R point mutations are correlated with response to therapy. Development of third-generation EGFR-TKIs, such as osimertinib, has been in response to altered tumour resistance patterns following treatment and toxic side effects that impact patient quality of life. Treatment with first-generation EGFR-TKIs (gefitinib and erlotinib) has been associated with the development of resistance through activating mutations in the EGFR gene. Second-generation EGFR-TKIs (afatinib and dacomitinib) were then developed to be more potent inhibitors, although their use is associated with increased toxicity through nonspecific targeting of wild-type EGFR. In contrast, third-generation inhibitors are specific for the gate-keeper T790M mutations which increases ATP binding activity to EGFR and result in poor prognosis for late-stage disease. Furthermore, osimertinib has been shown to spare wild-type EGFR during therapy, thereby reducing non-specific binding and limiting toxicity.

Indication

Osimertinib is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as detected by an FDA- approved test, who have progressed on or after EGFR-TKI therapy.

Mechanism of Action

Osimertinib is an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that binds to certain mutant forms of EGFR (T790M, L858R, and exon 19 deletion) that predominate in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumours following treatment with first-line EGFR-TKIs. As a third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor, osimertinib is specific for the gate-keeper T790M mutation which increases ATP binding activity to EGFR and results in poor prognosis for late-stage disease. Furthermore, osimertinib has been shown to spare wild-type EGFR during therapy, thereby reducing non-specific binding and limiting toxicity.

Pharmacodynamics

A pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis suggested a concentration-dependent QTc interval prolongation of 14 msec (upper bound of two-sided 90% CI: 16 msec) at a dose of osimertinib 80 mg.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption:

The median time to Cmax was found to be 6 hours.

Distribution:

The mean volume of distribution at steady state is 986 L.

Metabolism:

Osimertinib is metabolized to at least two pharmacologically active metabolites, AZ7550 and AZ5104, that circulate at approximately 10% of the concentration of the parent compound. Biochemical assays have shown that AZ7550 has similar potency and efficacy to osimertinib, while AZ5104 is more potent against mutant and wild-type EGFR. The main metabolic pathways are oxidation (predominantly by CYP3A) and dealkylation.

Elimination:

Osimertinib is primarily eliminated through excretion in the feces (68%), to a lesser extent through urine (14%), while only 2% is excreted unchanged.

Half-life

The population estimated mean half-life is 48 hours.

Clearance

Oral clearance is 14.2 L/hr.

Toxicity

Across clinical trials, interstitial lung disease (ILD)/pneumonitis occurred in 3.3% of treated patients with 0.5% of these being fatal. There is also a change of QTc interval prolongation; electrocardiogram and electrolytes should be monitored in patients with a history or predisposition for QTc prolongation. Cardiomyopathy occurred in 1.4% of patients, therefore left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) should be measured at baseline and then every 3 months during treatment. Osimertinib can cause embryo-fetal toxicity, requiring female patients to take effective birth control during therapy and for 6 weeks after final dose.

References

  1. Health Science Authority of Singapore - Reclassified POM
  2. Drugbank

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Approval Information

TAGRISSO TABLET 80MG was registered with Health Science Authority of Singapore by ASTRAZENECA SINGAPORE PTE LTD. It is marketed with the registration number of SIN15139P with effective from 2016-12-15.

This product contains 80mg of Osimertinib in the form of TABLET, FILM-COATED.

The medicine was manufactured by Astrazeneca Ab in SWEDEN

It is a Presciption Only Medicine which can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or from a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.

Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification

ATC Code: L01XE35

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