Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
KEVZARA Solution for Injection in Pre-filled Pen 200mg is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 2019-07-08. It is marketed by SANOFI-AVENTIS SINGAPORE PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN15738P.
This product contains Sarilumab 200mg in the form of INJECTION, SOLUTION. It is approved for SUBCUTANEOUS use.
This product is manufactured by Sanofi Winthrop Industrie in FRANCE.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
Sarilumab is a fully human anti-IL-6R monoclonal IgG1 antibody that binds to both membrane bound and soluble interleukin 6 (IL-6) receptor forms, thus blocking the cis- and trans-inflammatory signalling cascades of IL-6 [A27262]. Sarilumab was developped by Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc; it was US FDA-approved in May 2017 and followed by EU approval in June 2017 for the treatment of moderate to severe Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) in combination with methotrexate [A27265]. RA is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by polyarthritis and its treatment has been challenged by the different response in every patient [A27264]. Subcutaneous administration of Sarilumab has been shown to decrease acute-phase reactant levels and improve in clinical RA symptoms [A27263].
Indicated for modere to severe reactive RA in adult patients who are irresponsive, respond inadequately or present intolerance to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) or tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists. It is indicated to be used in combination with methotrexate (MTX) or as a monotherapy when there is intolerance to MTX or MTX administration is inappropriate.
Mechanism of Action
Sarilumab is a human recombinant IgG1 antibody that binds to both forms of interleukin 6 receptors (IL-6R), thus inhibiting the IL-6-mediated signaling. IL-6 is known to be a pleiotropic cytokine that activates immune cells (T and B cells), as well as hepatocytes for the release of acute phase proteins like CRP, serum amyloid A and fibrinogen which are biomarkers of RA activity. IL-6 is also found in synovial fluid and plays a major role in the pathological inflammation and joint destruction features of RA. Thus, it is used for the treatment of RA due to its ability to inhibit intra-articular and systemic IL-6 signaling [L1000, L1001, FDA file].
- Sarilumab is shown to be well absorbed in RA patients after single SC administration with a maximum of serum concentration presented after 2 to 4 days. For the 150 mg every two weeks dose regimen, the AUC, Cmin and Cmax of sarilumab were 202 ± 120 mg.day/L, 6.35 ± 7.54 mg/L, and 20.0 ± 9.20 mg/L, respectively. For the 200 mg every two weeks dose regimen, the AUC, Cmin and Cmax of sarilumab were 395 ± 207 mg.day/L, 16.5 ± 14.1 mg/L, and 35.6 ± 15.2 mg/L, respectively [L1001, FDA file].
- In patients with RA, the apparent volume of distribution at steady state was 7.3 L [L1001, FDA file].
- The metabolism of Sarilumab has not been characterized. As it is a monoclonal antibody, It is thought to be degraded into small peptides and amino acids [FDA file].
Sarilumab is not eliminated via renal or hepatic pathways. RA patients have shown a trend toward higher clearance in presence of anti-sarilumab antibodies [FDA file].
Repeat dose exposure has been shown to produce a partially reversible decrease in neutophil count and a reversible decrease in fibrinogen [L1000].
REGN88 | SAR153191 | Sarilumab |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.