Product InformationRegistration Status: Active
NIVESTIM 120MCG/0.2ML SOLUTION FOR INJECTION/INFUSION is approved to be sold in Singapore with effective from 2012-07-17. It is marketed by HOSPIRA SINGAPORE PTE LTD, with the registration number of SIN14197P.
This product contains Filgrastim 0.120mg/0.2ml in the form of INJECTION, SOLUTION. It is approved for SUBCUTANEOUS, INTRAVENOUS DRIP use.
This product is manufactured by Hospira Zagreb d.o.o. (PBF site) Hospira Zagreb d.o.o. (SM site) in CROATIA.
It is a Prescription Only Medicine that can only be obtained from a doctor or a dentist, or a pharmacist with a prescription from a Singapore-registered doctor or dentist.
Filgrastim is a recombinant, non-pegylated human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) analogue manufactured by recombinant DNA technology using a strain of E. coli. It is marketed as the brand name Neupogen by Amgen. Chemically, it consists of 175 amino acid residues. The protein has an amino acid sequence that is identical to the natural sequence predicted from human DNA sequence analysis, except for the addition of an N-terminal methionine necessary for expression in E coli. Tbo-filgrastim, which is marketed by Sicor Biotech and FDA approved on August 29, 2012, contains the same active ingredient as Neupogen and is biologically similar, but it is formulated to be short-acting. On March 6, 2015, the FDA approved the biosimilar Zarxio (filgrastim-sndz) and is indicated for use in the same conditions as Neupogen. Zarxio is marketed by Sandoz.
Filgrastim is used in patients with acute myeloid leukemia receiving induction or consolidation chemotherapy. It is also used in cancer patients receiving bone marrow transplant. In general, filgrastim increases neutrophil counts in order to decrease the risk of infection or duration of neutropenia in the aforementioned patient populations. Infection and neutropenia are adverse events associated with chemotherapy. Furthermore, filgrastim is also indicated for patients with severe chronic neutropenia. It mobilizes hematopoietic progenitor cells into the peripheral blood for collection by leukapheresis to allow for a more rapid engraftment. Tbo-filgrastim has a narrower indication profile than Neupogen - it is a leukocyte growth factor indicated for the reduction in the duration of severe neutropenia in patients with non-myeloid malignancies.
Mechanism of Action
Filgrastim binds to the G-CSF receptor and stimulates the production of neutrophils in the bone marrow. As a G-CSF analog, it controls proliferation of committed progenitor cells and influences their maturation into mature neutrophils. Filgrastim also stimulates the release of neutrophils from bone marrow storage pools and reduces their maturation time. Filgrastim acts to increase the phagocytic activity of mature neutrophils. In patients receiving cytotoxic chemotherapy, Filgrastim can accelerate neutrophil recovery, leading to a reduction in duration of the neutropenic phase
- Absorption and clearance of Neupogen follows first-order pharmacokinetic modeling without apparent concentration dependence. When 3.45 mcg/kg and 11.5 mcg/kg of Neupogen is subcutaneously administered, the maximum serum concentration is 4 and 49 ng/mL‚ respectively‚ within 2 to 8 hours. Neupogen does not accumulate. It is estimated that when filgrastim is subcutaneously administered, the absolute bioavailability is approximately 62% and 71% for 375 mcg and 750 mcg doses respectively. When 5 mcg/kg tbo-filgrastim is subcutaneously administered, the absolute bioavailability is 33%. It takes 4-6 hours for tho-filgrastim to reach maximum concentration. Like Neupogen, accumulation was not observed.
- Vd, healthy subjects and cancer patients = 150 mL/kg
0.5 - 0.7 mL/minute/kg (SC administration of 3.45 mcg/kg and 11.5 mcg/kg in both normal subjects and cancer patients, Neupogen)
Filgrastim-sndz | G-CSF | Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor | Tbo-filgrastim | Filgrastim |
Source of information: Drugbank (External Link). Last updated on: 3rd July 18. *Trade Name used in the content below may not be the same as the HSA-registered product.